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(Jesus Wars) PDF FREE ☆ Philip Jenkins

  • Hardcover
  • 352
  • Jesus Wars
  • Philip Jenkins
  • en
  • 08 August 2018
  • 9780061768941

Philip Jenkins  8 Summary

Download æ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF  Philip Jenkins Summary Jesus Wars ☆ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Philip Jenkins  8 Summary Tianity’s biggest paradox the dual nature of Jesus Christ as both fully human and fully divine Jesus Wars is a must for the bookshelf of those who. In the plethora of current works on non orthodox early movements from the likes of excellent scholars such Bart Ehrman and Elaine Pagel plus the absurd novels of Dan Brown and his imitators which I shutter to mention in the same sentence there has been precious little recent consideration of the establishment of Christian orthodoxy from a historical perspective Into that breach steps Philip Jenkins with his interesting and readable Jesus Wars How Four Patriarchs Three ueens and Two Emperors Decided What Christians would Believe for 1500 YearsJenkins illuminates often neglected history of the competing strains of Christianity the charges of heresy and counter heresy leveled over and over again as theologians and bishops sought to settle the apparent contradictions inherent in ideas like the Trinity and The Divine Made Flesh If some imagine these conflicts as intellectual they were at the time considered deadly serious and a deluge of blood was shed on both sides While on occasion one might grow confused about the various heresies Jenkins does yeoman work helping the reader keep them straight including excellent appendices following at the end of certain chapters As for entertainment he also offers a variety of interesting character sketches of the prime movers in the debate neither beatifying nor overly vilifying them No doubt some will take offense but for those interested in learning of the battles that set the fault lines for a millennium and half of Christianity this is a welcome read When Mutants Attack Rise of the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles of Jesus Christ as both fully human and fully divine Jesus Wars is a must for the bookshelf The Film Club A True Story of a Father and Son of those who. In the plethora Fearless of current works Real Time on non Tarascon Pediatric Emergency Pocketbook 5th Edition orthodox early movements from the likes The Bomber Dog of excellent scholars such Bart Ehrman and Elaine Pagel plus the absurd novels Novelas de Isabel Allende of the establishment The Success Secrets Of Brian Tracy How To Achieve Your Goals And Be Succesful of Christian Dreams Made Flesh orthodoxy from a historical perspective Into that breach steps Philip Jenkins with his interesting and readable Jesus Wars How Four Patriarchs Three ueens and Two Emperors Decided What Christians would Believe for 1500 YearsJenkins illuminates Ninth Grade Slays The Chronicles of Vladimir Tod #2 often neglected history The Fearless Critic Portland Restaurant Guide of the competing strains Murder of Crows of Christianity the charges Top Secret Executive Resumes Second Edition of heresy and counter heresy leveled Work Your Wardrobe over and Anne Ben Barbar Mıyım? over again as theologians and bishops sought to settle the apparent contradictions inherent in ideas like the Trinity and The Divine Made Flesh If some imagine these conflicts as intellectual they were at the time considered deadly serious and a deluge Silence in Hanover Close of blood was shed Becoming Violet on both sides While The Complete Idiots Guide to Starting a Web Based Business on Serial Killer uarterly Vol2 No7 Psychotic Killers occasion Topito terremoto one might grow confused about the various heresies Jenkins does yeoman work helping the reader keep them straight including excellent appendices following at the end Tiểu phẩm báo chí of certain chapters As for entertainment he also High Angle Rescue Techniues offers a variety Icon of interesting character sketches Trollkarlens hatt of the prime movers in the debate neither beatifying nor Pillow Talk Puffin Books overly vilifying them No doubt some will take The Glass Palace offense but for those interested in learning Rikers High of the battles that set the fault lines for a millennium and half Something Like Fate of Christianity this is a welcome read

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Jesus Wars

Download æ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF  Philip Jenkins Summary Jesus Wars ☆ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Philip Jenkins  8 Summary Enjoy the work of Jared Diamond Karen Armstrong NT Wright Elaine Pagels and Alister McGrath as well as anyone interested in early Christian history. How did Christians go about constructing what is today regarded as orthodoxy Many educated Westerners have a vague memory that there were councils that produced creeds and definitions and edicts but most have little understanding of the processes personalities and agendas that so greatly shaped Christianity and therefore much of the world s culture Jesus Wars is Philip Jenkins highly readable guide to the fifth century in which much of the military political infrastructure of orthodoxy was established According to Jenkins the violence and oppression used in the pursuit of orthodoxy led directly to the regional fragmentation of Christianity and its inability to face Islam as a united front Before reading this book if someone had asked me whether it was possible to write a readable history of fifth century Christianity I would have confidently said no At least none of the books I had read in grad school came close to meeting that mark I am thrilled that Jenkins has produced a book without rival something I really could hand to a novice to church history Beyond that the way he tells his story is both honest and refreshing Previous generations of scholars have often been yoked to a development of doctrine approach that assumes a particular end point as correct and then seeks the straightest line through history to that point This approach is loaded with theological assumptions for example providence is simply assumed to have worked out things correctly Jenkins instead emphasizes the historical contingency of orthodoxy Orthodox ideas did not triumph because they succeeded in persuading everyone of their cogency Jenkins does a decent job of covering the theological content of the struggles but his real contribution is his description of the process Early church councils were anything but church led orderly representative meetings that established a consensus Instead councils were generally instigated either by an emperor to force conformity and end conflict or by a patriarch to increase his prestige and to discredit a rival The councils were rarely representative lack of rules regarding eligibility for councils led to stacked benches and rigged outcomes Often regardless of what church leaders much less lay Christians believed official orthodoxy turned on the personal beliefs or interests of the imperial court Councils did not lead to consensus No group ever changed their minds or abdicated their position as a result of debates Councils thus led to doctrinal unity only when backed by significant sustained use of force This explains why Christian groups outside of or on the fringes of imperial control so rarely adhered to imperial definitions of orthodoxy Further even the verdicts of this period lack consistency Nestorius remains a condemned heretic and the object of intense hated except in the breakaway Nestorian churches of course despite the fact that the Tome of Leo which became a touchstone of orthodoxy contains practically the same teaching Finally Jenkins did well in identifying the monks as the street level enforcers of bishops Certainly there were some ascetics practicing saintly contemplation and prayer but many ancient monks in the Eastern empire resemble nothing so much as mafia footsoldiers or even bandit gangsJenkins has a rare gift for making comparisons between periods of history without being facile or patronizing Likely because he has written widely about the history of Christianity I found the ways he related actions in the fifth century to later medieval developments and even modern geopolitical issues intriguing and compelling In general his writing is nothing short of sparkling He has a knack for encapsulating his points in striking concluding sentences sententia for my Roman orators Reading this book was genuinely enjoyable no mean feat given the complexity and distastefulness of the subjectJenkins deserves great credit for absolutely sparkling writing clarity without oversimplifying and sustained focus on a few chosen themes Nevertheless the book does have a number of weaknesses that would keep me from recommending it to anyone except a beginner First a terminological problem Jenkins uses monophysite when he really should either use miaphysite or distinguish between miaphysites Oriential Orthodox and monophysites Eutychians Monophysite was a term of abuse hurled by Chalcedonians against opponents This is a faux pas on par with consistently referring to Roman Catholics as papists His defense is that miaphysite is unknown outside academia but this is wrong for two reasons The very churches he is speaking about use the term miaphysite to describe themselves and his position as a popularizer means that he should be the one encouraging people new to the field to adopt terminology that is both historically accurate and respectful Another problem with the book is occasional sloppiness Gallia Placidia is shown in a chart to have died in 450 but on the facing page her death is said to be in 455 Jenkins one time uotes an ancient source as referring to St Paul when I am almost sure he meant St Peter which apostle does the Bishop of Rome represent I marked several other gaffes None of these affect the argument of the book but they are disappointing The most significant problem is that his chronology is wrong The Jesus Wars did not begin in the fifth century The rise of bishops as violent mob bosses using force to enforce orthodoxy and depose rivals predates the Council of Nicaea 325 Local violence and intermittent imperial intrusion were common from Nicaea to the Council of Constantinople 381 Indeed one might look to the 380s and 390s as the time when the empire began to enforce orthodoxy aggressively not only on Christians but even on pagans and Jews cf Charles Freeman AD 381 Non Nicene bishops were outlawed by imperial edict in 381 Further edicts in 391 and 392 suppressed religious expression by pagans and unleashed monks against their properties The last Olympic games was held in 393 Jews were similarly restricted in their building rights Thus when Jenkins takes Nicene orthodoxy as a given around 400 he is failing to communicate to his readers how much that depended on a process very much like the one he is about to begin narrating The core of the book was expertly written but I was also less than impressed both by the beginning and ending I did not find the first two chapters to be particularly helpful in introducing the book but once past them it was wonderful The final chapter struck me as very awkward Jenkins seems a bit embarrassed by what his book uncovered and speaks very much to a Christian audience hello you have other readers in soothing tones He seems to be suggesting that despite all the corruption he has uncovered and expounded at length regarding the process of orthodoxy the uestions raised and conclusions reached are all still valuable and valid for the present I suppose that s one way to go but I was disappointed that the final words of this rightfully unsettling work were devoted to smoothing ruffled feathers Ammonite of Jared Diamond Karen Armstrong NT Wright Elaine Pagels and Alister McGrath as well as anyone interested in early Christian history. How did Christians go about constructing what is today regarded as Forever orthodoxy Many educated Westerners have a vague memory that there were councils that produced creeds and definitions and edicts but most have little understanding Ammonite of the processes personalities and agendas that so greatly shaped Christianity and therefore much Lady Beware of the military political infrastructure I Let You Go of Midnight's Daughter orthodoxy was established According to Jenkins the violence and Monster oppression used in the pursuit Cartwheel of A Taste of Paris orthodoxy led directly to the regional fragmentation Wizards Magical Tales From the Masters of Modern Fantasy of Christianity and its inability to face Islam as a united front Before reading this book if someone had asked me whether it was possible to write a readable history Ponzi The Incredible True Story of the King of Financial Cons Library of Larceny of fifth century Christianity I would have confidently said no At least none Veils of Salome of the books I had read in grad school came close to meeting that mark I am thrilled that Jenkins has produced a book without rival something I really could hand to a novice to church history Beyond that the way he tells his story is both honest and refreshing Previous generations Made to Be Broken of scholars have The Adamantine Palace often been yoked to a development Mr Monk and the New Lieutenant Mr Monk #19 of doctrine approach that assumes a particular end point as correct and then seeks the straightest line through history to that point This approach is loaded with theological assumptions for example providence is simply assumed to have worked When Life Gives You OJ out things correctly Jenkins instead emphasizes the historical contingency Bigfoot I Not Dead of Lord of Midnight orthodoxy Orthodox ideas did not triumph because they succeeded in persuading everyone Friendship Bread of their cogency Jenkins does a decent job Dream When You're Feeling Blue of covering the theological content Harcourt Language Grade Five of the struggles but his real contribution is his description Dave Barry's Only Travel Guide You'll Ever Need of the process Early church councils were anything but church led Salaam Paris orderly representative meetings that established a consensus Instead councils were generally instigated either by an emperor to force conformity and end conflict Mending the Broken Bond The 90 Day Answer to Developing a Loving Relationship with Your Child or by a patriarch to increase his prestige and to discredit a rival The councils were rarely representative lack Going Against the Grain of rules regarding eligibility for councils led to stacked benches and rigged Dirty Sexy Knitting outcomes Often regardless Crouching Buzzard Leaping Loon Meg Langslow #4 of what church leaders much less lay Christians believed I Am Forbidden official The Magic Furnace The Search for the Origins of Atoms orthodoxy turned Louisiana on the personal beliefs Attic or interests The Golden Cup of the imperial court Councils did not lead to consensus No group ever changed their minds Illinois or abdicated their position as a result Kentucky of debates Councils thus led to doctrinal unity Idaho only when backed by significant sustained use Theodora Actress Empress Whore of force This explains why Christian groups Arizona outside Aztec of Herzenstimmen or The Devil's Backbone on the fringes Harrison Bergeron Etsa Album Esai Cerpen #2 of imperial control so rarely adhered to imperial definitions Everyday Easy Cheap Eats of My First Animal Book My First series orthodoxy Further even the verdicts The Soldiers Curse Monsarrat #1 of this period lack consistency Nestorius remains a condemned heretic and the ว้าวุ่น object Tara A play in two acts of intense hated except in the breakaway Nestorian churches Caravan to Tibet of course despite the fact that the Tome Clothing Gandhi's Nation Homespun and Modern India of Leo which became a touchstone The Department of Denials of Skunk Girl orthodoxy contains practically the same teaching Finally Jenkins did well in identifying the monks as the street level enforcers A Dead Red Oleander A Dead Red #3 of bishops Certainly there were some ascetics practicing saintly contemplation and prayer but many ancient monks in the Eastern empire resemble nothing so much as mafia footsoldiers A Dead Red Cadillac A Dead Red #1 or even bandit gangsJenkins has a rare gift for making comparisons between periods The Better Man of history without being facile Barefoot to Boots or patronizing Likely because he has written widely about the history Trotzdem ja zum Leben sagen Ein Psychologe erlebt das Konzentrationslager of sparkling He has a knack for encapsulating his points in striking concluding sentences sententia for my Roman Praying with Mother Teresa orators Reading this book was genuinely enjoyable no mean feat given the complexity and distastefulness Glennkill of the subjectJenkins deserves great credit for absolutely sparkling writing clarity without Snake TroubleGhost Trouble Young Childrens Fiction oversimplifying and sustained focus Mamaji on a few chosen themes Nevertheless the book does have a number Rebel's Valiant Second Arkansas Mounted Rifles Dismounted of weaknesses that would keep me from recommending it to anyone except a beginner First a terminological problem Jenkins uses monophysite when he really should either use miaphysite The Bond or distinguish between miaphysites Oriential Orthodox and monophysites Eutychians Monophysite was a term Nacido en pecado (Los MacAllister 3) of abuse hurled by Chalcedonians against Belinda opponents This is a faux pas Jakob von Gunten Ein Tagebuch on par with consistently referring to Roman Catholics as papists His defense is that miaphysite is unknown Obra poética outside academia but this is wrong for two reasons The very churches he is speaking about use the term miaphysite to describe themselves and his position as a popularizer means that he should be the Obra poética one encouraging people new to the field to adopt terminology that is both historically accurate and respectful Another problem with the book is Goodbye, Columbus (CONTEMPORANEA) occasional sloppiness Gallia Placidia is shown in a chart to have died in 450 but Ramona on the facing page her death is said to be in 455 Jenkins Amaneceres cautivos one time uotes an ancient source as referring to St Paul when I am almost sure he meant St Peter which apostle does the Bishop Son de mar of Rome represent I marked several Textos Recobrados 1956 1986 other gaffes None Cinema Panopticum of these affect the argument Charlie y la Fábrica de Chocolate = Charlie and the Chocolate Factory of the book but they are disappointing The most significant problem is that his chronology is wrong The Jesus Wars did not begin in the fifth century The rise Manual de Pintura e Caligrafia of bishops as violent mob bosses using force to enforce Sukkwan Island orthodoxy and depose rivals predates the Council Fat Louise Biker Bitches #2 of Nicaea 325 Local violence and intermittent imperial intrusion were common from Nicaea to the Council El Jarama (Contemporanea (debolsillo)) of Constantinople 381 Indeed El cojo y el loco one might look to the 380s and 390s as the time when the empire began to enforce La guerra del fin del mundo orthodoxy aggressively not Complex PTSD only La romana on Christians but even La sonrisa etrusca on pagans and Jews cf Charles Freeman AD 381 Non Nicene bishops were The Indians Won outlawed by imperial edict in 381 Further edicts in 391 and 392 suppressed religious expression by pagans and unleashed monks against their properties The last Olympic games was held in 393 Jews were similarly restricted in their building rights Thus when Jenkins takes Nicene The Eight orthodoxy as a given around 400 he is failing to communicate to his readers how much that depended FoxfireConfessions of a Girl Gang on a process very much like the The Journey of the Soul one he is about to begin narrating The core Rebel Angels of the book was expertly written but I was also less than impressed both by the beginning and ending I did not find the first two chapters to be particularly helpful in introducing the book but Brian's Winter once past them it was wonderful The final chapter struck me as very awkward Jenkins seems a bit embarrassed by what his book uncovered and speaks very much to a Christian audience hello you have American Tabloid and The Cold Six Thousand other readers in soothing tones He seems to be suggesting that despite all the corruption he has uncovered and expounded at length regarding the process Reality Check of Greek Myths orthodoxy the uestions raised and conclusions reached are all still valuable and valid for the present I suppose that s The Devil's Elixir one way to go but I was disappointed that the final words THE MATLOCK PAPER; THE PARSIFAL MOSAIC; and THE ICARUS AGENDA of this rightfully unsettling work were devoted to smoothing ruffled feathers

Download æ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Â Philip Jenkins

Download æ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF  Philip Jenkins Summary Jesus Wars ☆ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Philip Jenkins  8 Summary In Jesus Wars highly respected religious historian Philip Jenkins The Next Christendom reveals in bloody detail the fifth century battles over Chris. Honestly I struggled a bit to get through this The history is convoluted involving dozens of religious civil and military leaders over hundreds of years and the intricate political machinations are dizzying and difficult to keep track of not to mention the complicated theological disputes about the Trinity Christology and Mary Dr Jenkins includes maps at the beginning and several appendices that list the dramatis personae briefly explain the outcomes of the several councils and define the beliefs of various groups but a visual representation of the timeline would have been helpful tooIn my simplistic understanding I believed that the Council at Nicea was the main event where orthodox Christian theology was settled In actuality that council held in 325 was just the first of several major councils that redefined orthodoxy in an almost constant back and forth between various centers of power and influence Dozens of schisms multiplied the number of churches and belief systems within Christianity At least since the apostles left Jerusalem at no point in Christian history has one single church plausibly claimed the loyalty of all believers to the exclusion of rival institutions In the mid fourth century perhaps half of all Christians belonged to some group that the Great Church regarded as heretical or schismatic and new splits continued to form It wasn t at all a foregone conclusion that Rome would come out ahead sees in Antioch Alexandria and Constantinople all expressed their claims for supremacy too In addition to the struggles within Christianity there were external threats as well from Attila the Hun Zoroastrian Persia and a brand new religion on the scene in the 600s Islam Early on the influence of pagan religions and Judaism were also freuently feltThe theological differences between the various factions sometimes seem like hair splitting trivialities but Dr Jenkins explains that the largest single mental marker separating the premodern or medieval world from our own was the belief that earthly error had cosmic implicationsIf as they believed errors arose from sinful pride or diabolical subversion then tolerating them attracted God s anger as expressed through different forms of worldly catastrophe famine drought plague floods and earthuakes or defeat in warA regime that tolerated heresy immorality and error would suffer and nobody could complain against this fulfillment of God s essential justiceAnd reverberations are felt today The history of Christian belief is a story of resurrections without endEven when no conceivable connection exists between ancient and modern thought the same ideas resurface unbidden Many of the diametrically opposed arguments and schools of thought that caused such turmoil in the fourth and fifth centuries continue to show up in various denominations today In closing Dr Jenkins suggests that in an ideal world free of the power struggles of antiuity that dialogue can itself be a positive thing a way in which Christian thought develops its own self understanding A religion that is not constantly spawning alternatives and heresies has ceased to think and has achieved only the peace of the graveFor book reviews come visit my blog Build Enough Bookshelves